Kultura śródziemnomorska - Miasta
This beautiful town is located at the bottom of the Bernia Sierra, close to the mouth of the Algar River.
Altea is known to be a peaceful and quiet town, of marine tradition and the old quarter of the town, with its picturesque views, its church that has a stylish bell tower with a glazed, blue and white ceramic tiled cupola, has converted it into one of the most exceptional places on the Costa Blanca. Altea has pebbled beaches and coves that are surrounded by an unquestionable attractiveness for its many visitors. These visitors also have a wide range of cultural and festive attractions at their disposal, making this town the ideal place for an enjoyable holiday.
A walk through the streets of Altea, where you can see the large number of handicraft workshops, shops and restaurants that occupy the ground floors of houses, will lead you to the Square of the church of the Virgin del Consuelo, its tower and glazed-tiled cupola.
This quiet square has a special attraction during Easter and the summer months, as it has an interesting and colourful handicraft street market, where the most varied items and homemade articles can be found. From one of the sides of the square, a magnificent view of the bay can be seen
The town of Benidorm is located in the province of Alicante, on the Mediterranean shoreline. It is an exceptional place with a special climate with mild and warm temperatures in winter, and in summer, they are tempered by the sea breeze, allowing you to enjoy the nature that has, intelligently, combined with the development of a modern and comfortable town.
Its exceptional geographical location and its surrounding mountains: the Helada Sierra on the east; the Aitana Mountains in the north and the Tossal de la Cala Mountains on the west, protect the town from the winds that alter its pleasant climate.
The magnificent curve of the two beaches, which construct a bay of graceful profiles, is orientated towards the south where the silhouetted Benidorm Isle breaks the monotone of the sea, a sea that is usually calm and of a limpid blue colour. All of these characteristics that have been kindly gifted by nature, offer the town of Benidorm temperatures that are extremely pleasant throughout the year, and not even with the limited number of rainy days, contribute to having one of the largest percentages of sunny days in Spain.
The mild winters, delightful springs, warm summers, pleasant twilights and the exceptional golden and placid sunsets in autumn, offer the visitor a colourful and beneficial atmosphere of charming symphony, with temperatures that can compete with the most pleasant of the world.
Excellent shows, exhibitions and artistic demonstrations of all types, many of which are free, are included in the wide range of cultural attractions that are offered each year, where top-level artists, singers and groups participate.
Benissa is a town with a splendid nature that has been able to adapt itself easily to the tourist requirements because it has its own characteristic architecture that, functionally and aesthetically, fits into its environment and conditions.
Its coast is characterized by its bright and clear horizons and its cliffs with cutting edged rocks. The sands of its 4 Km. cosmopolitan coast give shelter to various coves, such as: Les Bassetes, La Fustera, Els Pinets, La Llobella, Advocat and Baladrar.
"Les Bassetes", its Yacht Club, has a berth for 80 boats with lengths of up to 8 meters and it is also equipped with a chock, dry dock and radio. It has a Sailing Club, which is known throughout Europe, and at the Diving Centre you will receive a certificate that is valid worldwide. Other sports such as water skiing, scuba diving, windsurf or catamaran can also be done.
On its countryside, you will find terraced farms that have carefully been made with stones, and where almond and olive trees as well as vineyards can be found. In the mountains, the Bèrnia, La Solana, Oltà and Mallà Verda Sierras limit the course of our visit by offering activities such as trekking or climbing.
The historic centre of the town has preserved its marked medieval character of white walls, grilles, heraldic shields and flowered balconies. There are various architectural attractions that can be visited, but the Contractual Marketplace (XV. C) is a must, as it has been converted into an Ethnological Museum since it was the active centre of this town in days gone by.
In the town of Calpe you will find clean and calm beaches and an exceptional weather and hospitality. You will be overwhelmed with the nature that holds the sea and mountain in an indistinguishable embrace for the light from the protecting shade of the Ifach Rock. The strategic situation of Calpe has been an attraction for people from other places throughout its extended history.
While strolling through the old quarter of the town, close to the poor, Moorish neighbourhood, you can appreciate a collection that includes the walls, the Peça tower and the old church, a Mudejar-styled church that is unique in the Autonomous Region of Valencia.
Skirting the coast, you will find the modern promenade, where Roman Villa remains that belonged to the Banys de la Reina fish farm have recently been discovered. On a hill, which receives the name of “Bahía” or Bay, you will find the IIX Century Chapel of San Salvador and on the outskirts, the Cometa Chapel and the fortified Casa Nova that are also from the same era. Close to the Mascarat ravine you will come across with the ruins of the Muslim Castile of Calpe.
The “riu-raus” or typical houses can be found close to the modern buildings and are dispersed throughout the area.
Denia is a beautiful and cosy town on the Mediterranean Coast, located between the provinces of Alicante and Valencia. It enjoys 322 sunny days each year and it has an average temperature of 18º C. It has a residing population of approximately 33,000 inhabitants, and this amounts shoots off during the summer season as many people of different nationalities select these marvellous lands as the ideal place for their stopover.
Denia possesses 20 kilometres of coast. Fine sandy beaches in the north, and in southern area you will find precipitous and rocky beaches such as the Les Rotes Beach, which is made up of numerous small coves and picturesque corners. Year after year, the European Union has honoured these beaches with the blue flag.
Arabs, Romans, Carthaginians and Iberians have settled in Denia. The numerous architectural symbols, such as the magnificent Castile that can be enjoyed, confirm continual stop-offs of civilizations.
Denia has been, and continues to be a marine town. This is confirmed if you go to its older neighbourhoods, its harbour or walk amongst the people that go to the fish market. Its marine tradition is also clearly seen in its delicious gastronomy, where rice and its multiple ways of preparation have the leading role and the famous paella outstands. Shellfish and fresh fish as well as fruits and vegetables are used for the preparation of these dishes.
Javea is a town with a characteristic and immerse culture that has deeply-rooted into the people's sentiment and this is reflected in its customs, landscape and monuments.
It is located in the north of the Costa Blanca, between the Nao and San Antonio Capes. It has an area of 68.4 square km, is bathed by the Mediterranean Sea and protected from the continental winds by the Montgó mountainous barrier. The town has varied scenery on the coast and also inland, enjoys a mild climate all year round and has a wide range of tourist attractions.
The Javea coast has an extension of 25 km. and it outstands for its beaches and coves of natural beauty, its transparent waters and its Mediterranean forest. From north to south, you will find the capes of Sant Antoni, Sant Martí, Negre and Nau jalonan.
As to its beaches, these are of different types and each year they are awarded the EC BLUE FLAG distinction.
There are also various caves along the coast, and some of them, such as the "Tabaco" or the "Orguens" Caves in the Cap Negre area and the “Nau” and the "Cova Tallada" in the area of the Cap de Sant Antoni, can only be accessed by boat.
Polop de la Marina
The municipal area of Polop de la Marina (Marina Baja region) is located north of Benidorm. The road that joins the town of Benidorm with Callosa de Ensarriá normally accesses the town.
The most important geological unevenness of the area are the ravines that run towards the east and the Ponoig Mountain, with an altitude of 1,181m and located on the west of Palop. This Sierra is rough and rocky, has very steep gradients and is covered with long slopes, tremendous crags and mountain faces that accentuate its roughness.
It is a Massif that runs from east to west. The shady area is planted with pine trees and Kermes oaks and has similarity with the Puig Campana Sierra. The almond and olive trees predominate in the lower areas while the citrus, loquats, mangos and khakis do so in the valley.
Seeing that the climate of the region is of Mediterranean maritime type, it is characterized by hot summers, mild winters and very little rain (300 mm). This area has a higher rainfall pattern (500-600 mm), an average annual temperature of 17º C that drops with altitude, where the frosts in winter are common. It mainly rains in spring and autumn and there are frequent thunderstorms where heavy rain falls in a short period of time and also storms without rain. In winter, however, it is not difficult to find precipitation of snow in the frozen areas of the municipality.
Teulada is a town in the Marina Alta and is known for it's magnificent beaches, an important tourist attraction, Moraira and also its quality wines. The inlands areas hide treasures that are worth seeing thoroughly. Built on the Pla de Feliu is the elegant bell-tower of the church. Arranged around it, you will find the urban area that is full of details that take us back to its past and history. The first ancient civilization in the town of Teulada dates back to the Upper Paleolithic era and it was situated in the Cova de la Cendra. The cave's occupation declined in the Chalcholithic Age (2.800-200 BC.). There are many archaeological sites from the Iberian Age such as the Morro Castellar and the Punta del Cap D´or and another site from the Roman Age, which remained until the beginning of the VII Century.
At the end of the XVIII Century, when Teulada was an agricultural town, the crops were loaded onto boats at its natural port and transported by sea. Eventually, the people from Teulada “Teuladinos” started to settle close to their workplace and also started to fish for a living. The huts that were used for storing the fishing tackle were expanded until they were converted into typical fishermen's homes, while this activity gained importance. This is how the foundations were set, and with time, converted the town currently known as Moraira, into an important tourist centre.
If there is anything that can make the town of Guardamar del Segura a paradise on the Costa Blanca, it is surely its forest, dunes and perfectly harmonized beaches that occupy a large area of virgin lands with nearly 12 kilometres of beaches, pines; trees and a Mediterranean park.
Its beaches are of very fine sand and also holders of various blue flags, (Centro; La Roqueta; El Moncayo; Els Vivers and El Campo) and there is also a nude beach (Los Tusales), amongst abundant vegetation.
The places of Las Dunas and Pinada, give this costal area an almost wild aspect and they are an ideal place for going for a walk and enjoying yourself with your family, in direct contact with nature. However, Guardamar is more than just nature as you can enjoy yourself in a pretty town, a town that does not envy any other nice European towns in the related with order, installations, safety and cleanness.
Impregnated with a millenarian culture, the town of Guardamar del Segura offers and transmits the flavours and knowledge of Iberians, Phoenicians, Greeks, Romans and Arabs. It is a town with a great archaeological wealth. Scientifics, artists and universities from all over the world visit this cultural heritage, making the town of Guardamar an obligated meeting point.
Archaeology, Summer University, Music contests, Representations during Easter, Nature and Environment can be found in Guardamar all year round.
Orihuela has a contrasting landscape that has been created, to a great extent, by the Segura River. Crops such as citrus, vegetables and cotton are cultivated on its riverbanks.
There are also extensive areas of dry, un-irrigated lands where exploitations of olive and almond trees predominate in contrast to the orchards. Orihuela has been populated in these physically differentiated spaces: its residents are equally distributed between the town of Orihuela and the score of municipal districts.
Surrounding the town are the Orihuela and Hurchillo Sierras from where a magnificent panoramic view of the region can be seen.
To the north of the city, you will find Palmeral, a crescent-shaped oasis that invites you to a peaceful walk. The palm trees shape the horizon of the lands.
The town of Orihuela extends itself towards the sea and has a 16 km coast with excellent beaches, coves and cliffs: the Flamenca beach, the Roig Cove, La Zenia, Campoamor, Mil Palmeras and Punta Prima are just some of the places where you can swim or sunbathe. And close to the coast and amongst pine, almond and lemon trees and with the sea in the horizon, you will discover the extraordinary scenery of the golf greens.
Santa Pola is situated on the coast, on the south of the province of Alicante and 17 kms. from its capital. It shares the Baix Vinalopó region with the towns of Elche and Crevillente. It is always spring in Santa Pola and its Mediterranean climate with average annual temperatures of 18 ° C, makes it the ideal place for leisure and amusement all through the year.
Santa Pola is one of the most famous towns on the Costa Blanca. Its seaport is of special importance as its fishing fleet goes to far-away places such as the Canary Islands. The town is famous for its gastronomy and in particular for its seafood. Santa Pola is also well known for the salt that is produced at the salt mines, which are located on both sides of the National Road that goes towards the south.
Salt and the sea are the two insoluble elements that have distinguished and characterized the town of Torrevieja. At the beginning of the past century there was only a watchtower, an old tower and a few houses on the town's current site. In the year 1802, the supervision of the Mata salt works was transferred to the place where they are located nowadays and this caused a rapid development of the first Torrevieja. Its condition of an exportation port of fruits and vegetables from the Vega Baja of the Segura River as well as salt, and its proximity to the salt works were the factors that facilitated the development of the town and the port. Today, Torrevieja produces approximately one million tons of salt that is mainly exported and is one of Europe's main salt producers. Its lagoons, as a collection of wetland ecosystems, have been declared a Nature Reserve.
One of Torrevieja's major tourist attractions has always been the immense offer it has for young people. Its more than a hundred music bars have been the main claim of those thousands of people who visit Torrevieja.
Torrevieja is more than just fun and enjoyment at night; during the day there are numerous places for leisure and fun. In addition to its beaches and promenades with numerous pavement cafés, it has a large water park where the entire family can enjoy themselves during the summer months.
If you want to see and enjoy the coast of Alicante, you must take the pleasant cruises that Torrevieja offers. Trips to the Tabarca Island and all over the south of Alicante complete this interesting and curious tourist attraction.
Last, but not least, and for those who love environmental tourism, there is nothing like going to La Mata and Torrevieja lagoons, where you can enjoy mud baths that have been recommended by all doctors for its proprieties that cure rheumatism, breathing problems and dermatological and heart disorders.
The town of Águilas has a rich environment with no pollution and its exceptional climate, where the average annual temperature is 25 ºC, makes it a recommendable place for winter tourism. It is bathed by the Mediterranean Sea and surrounded by crop fields and offers complete satisfaction for your holidays, especially in winter, in an area where its natural resource have been carefully protected.
Águilas has a variety of cultural attractions where art and handicraft exhibitions, conferences, concerts, theatre and many others events are rotated. There are also other outdoor activities that can be done that range from mountain climbing or trekking through places of unusual beauty with abundant vegetation and fauna, to scuba diving in its warm waters. The town of Águilas also has the protected natural areas of the Regional Costero-Coast Park at Cabo Cope-Calnegre and the Nature Reserve of Cuatro Coves.
The beauty of the magnificent bays of Cope, El Hornillo, Levante (East) and Poniente (West) will impress you from the very beginning. When travelling towards either the north or south, more than thirty small coves can be seen; some of these coves invite you to relax on their sands while others make a call for you to immerse yourself into their pleasant waters. The town of Águilas has also been honoured with various Blue Flags.
Its warm climate maintains the water at a pleasant temperate where you can enjoy yourself all year round, while the sea breeze allows you to sail, windsurf and do many other sports, in both summer and winter.
Amongst all its festivities, the Águilas Carnival is considered the most important. This carnival has been held for the past two centuries and it is a meeting point for the ingenuity, boldness, criticism, beauty and the plasticity of shapes and colours. Reference must also be made to the Easter Processions.
Caracava de la Cruz
The city of Caravaca de la Cruz outstands for the wealth of its monuments and landscapes. It is located in the Northeastern area of the Murcia Region and is the capital of these high lands of Murcia that rise under the protection of tremendous Massifs, which in some areas exceed the height of 2000 meters. Caravaca de la Cruz has a population of more than twenty thousand people and is the administrative centre of the Northeast.
It is situated between the Argos and Quípar Rivers and this has given Caravaca an extraordinary wealth of natural resources, making it the ideal place, since ancient times, for the settlement of many civilizations such as the Iberians, Romans or Arabs.
Caravaca started to be famous in the Middle Age, an in particular since the Orders of Templarios and Santiago controlled it. It is also during this period when the Cross Legend surges. This double-armed, miraculous and legendary Cross appeared on the third day of May of the year 1231. It has been worshiped since then and Catholic Church has acclaimed it is the True Cross. For its great devotion towards the Cruz de Caravaca, the Vatican granted the town of Caravaca with the privilege of celebrating holy years, which means it is the fifth city in the world to receive this privilege after Rome, Jerusalem, Santiago de Compostela and Santo Toribio de Liébana.
Caravaca de la Cruz is currently a modern city with numerous services and excellent industrial and agricultural development. The Northeast-Mula River highway and its condition of "Ciudad Santa" (Holy City) have boosted the development of the city and also the tourism.
Caravaca de la Cruz is a city of cultural wealth. There are many places for you to visit: the Medieval Neighbourhood surrounding the castile, the Sanctuary Castles of La Santísima and Vera Cruz, the Reja Chapel and the Marqués Springs, are just some examples.
Located on the southeast of the Region of Murcia is Cartagena. Its population figure of nearly 195,000 inhabitants means it is the second largest city by population, within the Autonomous Region of Murcia. Its municipal area has an extension of 558.3 square km.
Cartagena enjoys an exceptional climate with average annual temperatures of approximately 20º C. The average temperature of the coldest month of the year, January, does not drop below 12 º C. In August, the year's hottest month, the temperature is around 28 degrees. The climate of the area can be defined as being sub-arid or arid, subtropical Mediterranean since the lands of this area are the most arid in the whole country.
The city of Cartagena is situated on five hills with the names of Monte Sacro, Monte de San José, Despeñaperros and Monte de la Concepción, from where the whole sea can be viewed and which give the city a larger background. From the port you can see the Galeras and San Julián Castles and also the Curra and Navidad lighthouses, which make the Cartagena dock impregnable.
The wind is one of the most important climatic elements of the region. The windmills on the Cartagena lands constitute a valuable ethnographic heritage. In consequence of their singularity, they have been declared Cultural Heritage.
Cartagena has extensive sandy beaches with very beautiful natural landscapes, making it the ideal place for you to enjoy your holidays.
Lorca is currently the heart of this extensive region and holds the sub-regional “capital city” status of this immense influence zone that includes the majority of the Murcia Region and some municipalities in the Province of Almería. The social and business activities of this extensive area make it a place that must be seen by all those who are visiting the surrounding areas.
The immense extension of Lorca offers you the opportunity of immersing yourself into the most fascinating rural areas. You will be able to see and enjoy environments that have very different and extraordinary landscapes and customs.
Lorca is bathed with various Blue Flag beaches, a famous distinction that confirms the existence of beaches with high environmental quality and adequate health and rescue services. Beaches such as Calnegre, Baños de mujeres, Playa de San Pedro, or the Playa de los Hierros, offer you the opportunity of finding peace and tranquillity in a fantastic place.
And if you a lover of traditional folklore, you must visit the city of Lorca during Easter and see the people's complete devotion for the images, the splendour and colour of the special cloaks known as “mantos”, the galloping of the horses and the deafening noise of the public that acclaim the Dolores and the Amargura Virgins... an unforgettable experience.
San Javier is a beautiful city that is surrounded by the Menor Sea. Despite its settlement in ancient times, it did not develop as a town until the XVII Century, when it emerged from the area of the San Francisco Javier Chapel.
The town of San Javier has an area of 80 square kilometres and a population of 17.000 people, who can enjoy mild temperatures and 360 days of sun every year.
Its 35 kilometres of beaches, bathed by the Menor Sea, have the peculiarity that there are white sandy beaches and large waves on the Mediterranean coast, while the beaches on the Menor Sea are calm, warm and not too deep.
Apart from its natural beauty, the beaches of San Javier are equipped with all the infrastructures required so that its visitors can enjoy their stay. Some of the infrastructures that can be seen include showers, rubbish bins, footbridges for physically disabled people, toilets, watch towers, sport games and playgrounds for children, etc. as well as beach control, vigilance, rescue services, lifesaving and first aid services, just to name a few.
All these installations and services merit the Blue Flag distinction that is granted by the European Union every year.
Other points of interest include the Yacht Club at La Ribera, where famous national and international nautical events are promoted; its modern sport centre which has installations such as: Covered Building, Tennis Courts, Sports Tracks, Football Pitch, Archery Field, Swimming Pools, Pelota Courts, Athletics Tracks, Jogging Track, Muscle Building Gym, Sports Medicine Laboratory, Billiards Lounge, Bowling Alley and Petanque Courts.
San Pedro del Pinatar
San Pedro del Pinatar shares a border with the municipal area of Pilar de la Horadada in the North, with the Mediterranean Sea in the East, and in the South with the area of San Javier.
This current municipal area covers an extension of 21.7 square kilometres and some of these, approximately 15, are bather by the waters of the Menor Sea in the Autonomous Region of Murcia. Its ancient origin has been confirmed by the town ruins of Roman times and coins that have been found in the surrounding areas of the present municipality. The ruins of the Roman salt works that remain nowadays, confirm this in a more obvious way. The Coterillo Salt works, currently being exploited by the company Salinera Española, has and area of approximately eight hundred hectares of lands which provide shelter for the flamingos on their flight towards Africa.
Today, the town of San Pedro del Pinatar alternates services and production, with important companies, in particular those associated with fruit and vegetables, as well as salting industries that operate on a national scale. Tourism has become and important engine for its development.
Located within the Salt works and Sandy Areas of San Pedro, inside the Nature Reserve, are the wetlands where the pink flamingos as well as the royal herons and albatross, stopover on their journey towards warmer lands. The Park has an extension of 900 hectares, some of which are of private property, where the mentioned salt works are currently exploited. All of this converts the town of San Pedro into an important point on the environmental map of the Autonomous Region of Murcia.